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Welcome to /tech/, now with 100% less dolphin.
Read the Rules and Information: >>138
Rules have been updated 11/27/2020 05:21 UTC


__kohaku_len_hisui_nekoarc_and_len_tsukihime__71bd385cb57988717f22bd0ea2da2979.jpg
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Welcome to zzz/tech/
Rules
0. All global rules apply: https://zzzchan.xyz/rules.html
1. /tech/ is a primarily SFW board. NSFW is only allowed if spoilered.
2. Keep the topics related to technology.
3. Name/avatar/tripfagging without a reason should be avoided.
4. No shitposting and cuckchan garbage. Funposting is allowed.
5. When making a thread, please try to put some effort into the OP. Low quality threads will be deleted and you may be banned.

Posting guidelines & recommendations
1. Keep your tech support questions, software recommendations, consumer 
advice, and other questions that don't deserve threads in the QTDDTOT thread >>2
2. Don't ask questions that can be found on Google and other search 
engines. If you repeatedly ask low quality questions, you may be banned and your post history may be wiped.

Required Reading
http://cryptome.org/2012/07/gent-forum-spies.htm [Archive: https://archive.vn/8ECgr]

/tech/ meta discussion is at >>190

Read the zzzchan FAQ for information on code formatting: https://zzzchan.xyz/faq.html#post-styling

tmp note: Next JSchan update will change the code formatting to the traditional [code][/code]

If you need to contact me privately, my email is [email protected]
Last edited by hisuimeido
Information is taken from the Julay /tech/ sticky: https://archive.vn/znAXT
Beginner Info
If you would like to try out GNU/Linux because of https://itvision.altervista.org/why-windows-10-sucks.html, you can do one of the following:
0) Install a GNU/Linux distribution of your choice in a Virtual Machine (preferably using KVM or Oracle VirtualBox for newfriends).
1) Use a live image and to boot directly into the GNU/Linux distribution without installing anything (keep in mind that the performance of live distros might be very different than from distro that was booted from your HDD, as most distros are loaded in RAM and don't include the proprietary drivers for NVIDIA GPUs or up-to-date Mesa libraries in their isos).
2) Dual boot the GNU/Linux distribution of your choice along with Windows (make sure to install Windows first, as it can "replace" GRUB or other UNIX bootloaders, and troubleshooting of Windows replacing your bootloader of choice might be painful for people that just started learning about the Linux kernel)
3) Go balls deep and replace everything with GNU/Linux (you really shouldn't do this, if you don't know what you're putting yourself into, see: https://itvision.altervista.org/why.linux.is.not.ready.for.the.desktop.current.html).

Resources:
Use your web browser and search engine of choice. Good comparison between them is hosted here:
https://digdeeper.neocities.org/ghost/browsers.html
https://digdeeper.neocities.org/ghost/search.html
If not sure which browser to choose, just use the Tor Browser Bundle:
https://www.torproject.org/
or paste these commands to your terminal emulator of choice (please make sure to first learn what they're exactly doing):
$ sudo apt install torbrowser-launcher (Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint or just simply apt-based distros)
$ sudo pacman -S base-devel git python && git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/pikaur.git && cd pikaur && makepkg -si
$ cd .. && rm -rf pikaur && pikaur -S tor-browser (pacman-based distros)
$ xbps-install -S torbrowser-launcher (Void Linux)
If you "bricked" yourself and can't launch Xorg/Wayland, then try installing an terminal-only browser like Lynx and using it troubleshoot your mistake.

Type these commands to your terminal emulator to learn more about various commands:
$ man command
$ info command
$ command -h/--help
$ help builtin/keyword

Don't know what to look for?
$ apropos something

Check the wikis (most troubleshoots work for all distros):
https://wiki.archlinux.org
https://wiki.gentoo.org
8chan /tech/'s wiki on GNU/Linux:
https://wiki.cloveros.ga/Main_Page
4chan /g/'s wiki on GNU/Linux:
https://wiki.installgentoo.com/index.php/Category:GNU/Linux

Watch videos on JewTube:
https://github.com/omarroth/invidious/wiki/Invidious-Instances (Invidious is unreliable now, keeping this link anyways)
https://yt-dl.org/ (Either install it from pip or the distro repos)

>What distro should I choose?
1. Ubuntu, or it's flavors like Xubuntu, Kubuntu or even forks like Linux Mint (only LTS or LMDE) and KDE Neon (only LTS)
- Focal Fossa 20.04 is the beta of the next LTS (long term support) release of Ubuntu and is scheduled for official release on April 23 2020
- Eoan Ermine 19.10 is the semi-rolling release of Ubuntu (still containing mostly stable and out-of-date packages)
- Bionic Beaver 18.04 is the current LTS release of Ubuntu and thus is the most supported by corporations like Canonical (corporation behind Ubuntu) and it's partners, Valve, GOG.com and hardware manufactures in general. It just works™
2. Debian GNU/Linux
- Stable (“buster”)
It's the stable/LTS and the "true" release of Debian. Contains a lot of outdated, but stable packages and is the easiest to install release of Debian.
- Testing (“bullseye”)
Is the testing release of Debian, which still contains a few outdated packages to be more stable. It's packages later go to the stable channel.
- Unstable (“sid”)
Is the rolling release of Debian and with the help of Debian Experimental, can be nearly as rolling as Arch or even Gentoo. It's packages after enough testing (usually a week) later go to the testing channel.
>How do I install Debian's experimental packages?
https://wiki.debian.org/DebianExperimental
If you want something that has insane support and one of the largest communities out there, or just simply something that gives users more choices than Ubuntu, then this is the distro for you.
3. Arch Linux
Is a rolling distro with a semi-minimalistic approach to GNU/Linux, meaning you install it only from the console itself with pre-compiled binary packages (packages that are ready to install). Can be easily broken, if the end-user doesn't know how to avoid troubleshooting it. It's primary audience are users that want bigger control of their system. and people who want to stay on the most-up-to-date versions of their favorite programs. Good for learning how GNU/Linux works.
4. Manjaro Linux/EndeavourOS
Are forks of Arch Linux with the Calameres installer. Manjaro has it's own repositories, with package release channel similar to Debian's, while EndeavourOS tries to stay as close to Arch as it is possible. Decent, if you're one of those people which never read manuals.
5. Gentoo GNU/Linux
Is a distro that is very similar to Arch, but is much more stable and up-to-date thanks to you getting in control of configuring and compiling everything from the source code. Is also much harder/longer to setup than Arch's installation process, but compiling everything from it's source can result in overall better performance of programs that you use daily. Nothing can beat it when it comes to avoiding systemd. Perfect for learning how your UNIX systems actually work.
6. Linux From Scratch (LFS), Guix or NixOS
if somehow Gentoo didn't made you comfy with it, then with these distros you possibly can't get comfier except if you make the switch to BSD-based systems.

Even more info here:
https://wiki.cloveros.ga/Babbies_first_Linux
https://distrowatch.com/
https://wiki.installgentoo.com/index.php/Babbies_First_Linux

If you don't care about having a modern desktop and want to avoid systemd, make sure to give the distros listed by this website a try:
https://nosystemd.org/

If you prefer 100% libre, free as in speech distros:
https://www.gnu.org/distros/free-distros.en.html

>What are some cool programs?
https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/list_of_applications
https://directory.fsf.org/wiki/Main_Page
https://suckless.org/rocks/
https://github.com/fossasia/mew
>What are some cool terminal commands?
https://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/browse (doesn't work without JavaScript enabled)
https://cheat.sh/
>Where can I learn the command line?
https://mywiki.wooledge.org/BashGuide
https://www.grymoire.com/Unix
https://overthewire.org/wargames/bandit
>Where can I learn more about Free Software?
https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/philosophy.html
>How can I run Windows software?
Install the drivers for your GPU:
https://github.com/lutris/lutris/wiki/Installing-drivers
Then install Wine (Wine Is Not an Emulator) and preferably the 'Staging' branch of it:
https://wiki.winehq.org/Download
Lastly read this:
https://www.winehq.org/documentation
Also, make sure to learn about winetricks, DXVK and Windows .dll files in general.
Last edited by hisuimeido

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